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Nature Reserve

A pristine malaria free wilderness of some 5000 hectares, enable guests to enjoy the exclusive experience of tranquillity and the natural African Wilderness.

Topographically the reserve consists of plateaus, steep densely wooded slopes, valley bottoms, drainage lines and a large central basin. The main watercourses are the KwaNcibi, KwaJakaza, Mtungwane and Nkoxweni rivers. Large hills that are prominent include Sandluluba, Ndulwini and Spitz Kop.

The reserve is situated in the summer rainfall region with annual rainfall in the high lying areas of about 800mm and 700mm in the lower lying areas. The range in altitude is considerable, varying from 820 meters above sea level in the southwest to 430 meters on the banks of the Umkomaas River.

Duma Manzi has a wide range of geological features, including outcrops of sandstone and dolerite, which give rise to the spectacular cliffs. There are also sedimentary rocks formed from melting glaciers (called glacial tillite), that have drop stones from the Witwatersrand Complex embedded in them. The soils derived from the above rocks, together with the steep slopes, river valleys and undulating hills and plateaus, result in variety of landscapes, which in turn supports many different plant and animal species.

The eco systems support more than 300 species of birds, among the specials on the bird list are African Fish Eagle, Martial Eagle, African Crowned Eagle, Verreaux (Black Eagle), Ground Hornbill, Narina Trogon, Knysna and Purple Crested Tauraco (Loerie). A wide variety of butterfly species are seen in the woodlands and high lying grasslands and frogging is also high on the list with a variety of species found in the reserve.

Besides our prolific bird life and other animals, Duma Manzi is home to the following wildlife: disease-free buffalo, the elusive leopard, giraffe, zebra, blue wildebeest, kudu, nyala, bushbuck, impala, blesbok, oribi, grey and blue duiker, common reedbuck, eland, serval, striped polecat, banded mongoose, slender mongoose, water mongoose, white tailed mongoose, African weasel, aardwolf, African wildcat, honey badger, black-backed jackal, clawless otter, caracal, large-spotted genet as well as many smaller mammals, predators and reptiles.

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